CHAMPAGNE (Heb. קנפניא), region and former province, Northeast France. Champagne attracted numerous Jewish settlements at a relatively early date. In the 13th century Jews were living throughout the province, especially in Bar-sur-Aube, bray-sur-seine , Châlons-sur-Marne , Château-Thierry , Châtillon-sur-Marne, dampierre-sur-aube , epernay , joigny , Joinville, montereau-faut-yonne , provins , rheims , sens , and troyes . Their chief occupation was moneylending, with the feudal lords and the monasteries as their principal clients. Wealthiest of the moneylenders in the late 12th and early 13th century was the Jew Cresselin of Provins. In 1192 Philip Augustus and Count Thibaut of Champagne concluded the first agreement between the king of France and a feudal lord to stop the mutual purloining of "their" Jews. The counts of Champagne took the precaution of keeping in their own hands jurisdiction over the Jews in the charters of freedom granted to various towns. As Champagne was not incorporated in the kingdom of France until 1286, the Jews there were unaffected by the expulsion of 1182, but they did not escape that of 1306. Though some Jews were found in Champagne between 1315 and 1321, they do not appear to have returned after 1359 (except for a few converts to Christianity). The great centers of Jewish learning in Champagne during the Middle Ages were notably Troyes, the seat of the activity of Rashi, whose commentaries illustrate the wide commercial horizons and personal contacts of the local Jewish communities, and Lhuître, Dampierre, Ramerupt, and Sens. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. Borquelot, Etudes sur les foires de Champagne (1865), 102–54; Gross, Gal Jud, 599–601; M. Poinsignon, Histoire générale de la Champagne, 3 (1885), 150, 190; A. Longnon, Documents… Champagne (1904), passim; Roth, Dark Ages, 152–4 and index. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • champagne — 1. (chan pa gn ) s. f. 1°   Province de France qui produit un vin blanc et mousseux très renommé. •   Aurions nous des hôtes plus doux, Si l Allemagne entrait chez nous ? J aime mieux les Turcs en campagne Que de voir nos vins de Champagne… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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  • Champagné — may refer to: Champagné, Sarthe, a commune in the Sarthe departement Champagné le Sec, a commune in the Vienne département Champagné les Marais, a commune in the Vendée département Champagné Saint Hilaire, a commune in the Vienne département… …   Wikipedia

  • champagne — CHAMPAGNE. Dans le style familier, on l emploie substantivement par ellipse, pour, Du vin de Champagne. Ils ont bu d excellent Champagne, du Champagne mousseux …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • champagne — /ʃã paɲ/, it. /ʃam paɲ/ s.m., fr. [dal nome dell antica regione fr. della Champagne ], in ital. invar. ■ s.m. (enol.) [vino frizzante prodotto nella regione nord orientale della Francia corrispondente all antica regione della Champagne]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Champagne — (Dinner Plain,Австралия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 572 Big Muster Drive, 3898 Dinner Plain, Австралия Описание …   Каталог отелей

  • Champagne — Cham*pagne , n. [F. See {Champaign}.] A light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France. [1913 Webster] Note: Champagne properly includes several kinds not only of sparkling but of still wines; but in America …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Champagne — (fr.) m. Champán (*vino espumoso, blanco o rosado, elaborado en la región francesa de Champagne). * * * Puede referirse a: ● Palabra francesa usada para referirse al Champán. ● Región francesa origen de la misma bebida, situada al noroeste de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Champagne — Le nom est surtout porté dans les départements du Nord et de l Est, où il désigne celui qui est originaire de Champagne. À noter cependant une forte présence dans les départements du Centre et du Limousin, où il doit plutôt se rapporter à la… …   Noms de famille

  • champagne — (n.) 1660s, from Fr. vin de Champagne, from Champagne, former province in northwest France, lit. open country (see CAMPAIGN (Cf. campaign) (n.)). Originally any wine from this region, focused to modern meaning late 18c …   Etymology dictionary